Schilling Air Force Base
The former Schilling Air Force Base is a Formerly Used Defense Site (FUDS) located in southwest Salina, Kansas. The base was originally built as the Smoky Hill Army Airfield in 1942, and was used during World War II as a processing and staging area for heavy bombardment units going overseas, including B-17 and B-29 aircraft. In 1946 the name was changed to the Smoky Hill Air Force Base, and it served during the 1950's Korean conflict as a base for the Strategic Air Command and the 310th and 40th Bombardment Wings. In the late 1950's and early 1960's, the air force base underwent significant renovations resulting in the construction of a 12-silo Atlas F intercontinental ballistic missile complex, modifications to prepare for the next generation of aerial bombers and tankers, and another name change, the Schilling Air Force Base (Schilling AFB). The base was deactivated between 1965 and 1967; it is now used for the Salina Regional Airport and industrial, aviation, military, and educational facilities.
An aerial photograph of the Smoky Hill Army Air Field in 1943.
The Salina Municipal Airport in 2012.
The Salina Airport Authority (SAA), Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE), the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) have conducted numerous environmental investigations and some limited remedial actions at the Schilling AFB Site since the mid-1990's. Contaminants of concern include volatile organic compounds (VOCs), semi-volatile organic compounds, and metals, which have been identified in soil and groundwater above their respective EPA maximum contaminant levels (MCLs) and KDHE Risk-based Standards for Kansas (RSKs). The former Schilling AFB Site has been divided into three Operable Units (OUs) based on the level of contamination and the highest potential risk to human health and the environment. OU-1 encompasses the northeastern portion of the former base, which now includes part of the Salina Regional Airport, Kansas State University-Salina, Salina TECH, various industrial and commercial businesses, and residential properties. OU-2 includes the southeastern portion of the former base and fire training area, which currently contains part of the Salina Regional Airport, Kansas National Guard Training facility, Schwans Plant, other various industrial and commercial businesses, and residential properties. OU-3 includes the western portion of the former base, runways, three former landfills, and other miscellaneous areas.
Activities between 1999 and 2012 were performed by USACE with KDHE oversight and included: removal of numerous underground storage tanks, installation of an air stripper at the Salina Vo-Tech School sump pump, vapor intrusion evaluation at select locations, a Remedial Investigation (RI) and Baseline Risk Assessment for OU-1, and long-term groundwater monitoring, At the conclusion of the USACE's RI, it was determined additional assessment was warranted in addition to completing a Feasibility Study (FS) to evaluate appropriate cleanup alternatives.
Current Investigation and Path Forward
In 2012 the Salina Public Entities (City of Salina, SAA, USD 305, and Kansas State University) negotiated a settlement with the USACE to complete the Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) scope of work under the oversight of KDHE. The Final RI work plan has been submitted to KDHE for review and was approved in August 2014. The RI field activities began the week of September 1, 2014, and will be on-going.
A public meeting summarizing the work completed to date and the future activities is scheduled for March 24, 2017, at 9:00 AM, at the City-County Building, 300 W. Ash St., Salina, KS. Representatives from the Salina Public Entities, KDHE, and Dragun Corporation will present. Dragun Corporation will present on the data collected and the path forward. KDHE will provide a presentation on the remedy selection public comment involvement process.
A public meeting summarizing the work completed to date was held September 25, 2015. Representatives from the Salina Public Entities, KDHE, and Dragun Corporation were present. The Salina Journal reported on the information provided during the meeting.
September 26, 2015. "Investigation of Schilling contamination continues." Salina Journal.
February 28, 2015. "Schilling contamination: some bad, some not so bad." Salina Journal.
KDHE prepared a Community Involvement Plan (CIP) to outline the Agency's community outreach program. KDHE is committed to promoting communication between the public and the Agency, and wants to make sure the community's concerns and information needs are considered as project activities progress. Ongoing input and involvement by citizens in the Salina community is essential for project success.
For additional information, please contact:
- David Meyer (785-296-8063), KDHE-BER Project Manager
Portions of these reports may have been removed in order to make them web-ready. Complete copies are available by contacting David Meyer.
- Community Involvement Plan, August 2014 (.pdf)
- Remedial Investigation Work Plan, July 2014 (.pdf, excluding appendices)
- Identified Site Information and Other Related Documents