Public Education Materials
+/- Avian Influenza
Avian influenza strains are divided into two groups: low pathogenicity (LP) and high pathogenicity (HP). Low path bird flu has existed in the United States since the early 1900s and is not uncommon. It causes illness in birds and can be fatal to some of them. The low path strains of the disease pose no serious threat to human health. High path avian influenza is more easily transmitted and is often fatal in birds.
H5N1 avian influenza is the high path type of the virus that has been detected in parts of Southeast Asia and Eastern Europe. This strain has been transmitted to humans, most of whom had extensive, direct contact with infected birds.
Protecting the U.S.
All imported live birds are must be quarantined at a USDA facility for 30 days and tested for avian influenza before entering the U.S. This requirement also applies to all returning pet birds with U.S. origin.
The USDA works with federal, state and local partners in the poultry industry to monitor bird populations in the U.S. Surveillance is conducted in four key areas: live bird markets, commercial flocks, backyard flocks and migratory bird populations. Random testing takes place in live bird markets and commercial flocks, as well as any birds that show signs of illness.
The USDA is working closely with these partners, as well as industry stakeholders, to ensure that effective and coordinated emergency response plans are ready should an outbreak of high path avian influenza occur in the U.S.
The key to food safety is cooking poultry to the proper temperature and preventing cross contamination between raw and cooked food. Consumers are reminded to:
For more information, download this brochure from the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
+/- Harvest of Health(Eng/Spanish/Low German)
Farmworker Audio – Health Education
Cosecha de salud - Spanish
Ernte der Gesundheit - Low German
+/- Immunization Recommendations
+/- Individual and Family Preparedness Information
What can you do to make your family better prepared for an emergency? Follow these three basic steps, “Make a Kit, Make a Plan and Stay Informed” and you will be better prepared for any disaster that affects your community.
Make a Kit
Additional Items to Consider for Emergencies:
Make a Plan
Your family should have a well-thought out plan for contacting one another during and after an emergency. You should select two meeting places where everyone can meet if you must leave your home quickly. One of these places should be near your home but a safe distance away, such as the nearest major street or roadway corner. The second place is somewhere you would go if a disaster makes it impossible for you to return to the area where you live. This could be the home of a friend or relative in another part of town or a nearby town.
+/- Pandemic Influenza Information
What is Pandemic Influenza?
The virus would spread the same way as a seasonal influenza virus. The prevention and treatment measures for such a virus would also be the same as for seasonal influenza. The H5N1 "bird flu" is one virus that could potentially cause a pandemic. Any one of several other new or unusual strains of influenza could also cause a pandemic.
Three major influenza pandemics swept the globe during the 20th century causing millions of deaths. No one knows when the next pandemic may strike or which variation of the influenza virus it will be. Efforts are underway to combat the serious impact a pandemic could have on Kansans.
How Are Pandemic, Avian and Seasonal Flu Different?
For more information on the difference between seasonal flu and pandemic influenza see http://www.flu.gov/pandemic/about/
The Impact of Pandemic Influenza
It has been estimated that a medium-level pandemic in the U.S. could cause:
Preparing for Pandemic Influenza
Food and water – Be sure to have at least one gallon of water per person per day along with dried or canned food to last at least three days. Grocery stores may not have sufficient supplies or healthy staff to remain open. Remember baby formula and diapers if you have an infant.
Medications, First Aid kit and equipment – If you or anyone in your family must take medications, be sure to have an adequate supply on hand. Keep a First Aid kit stocked with necessary materials and a basic tool kit.
Blankets and clothing – Make sure you have plenty of warm blankets and extra clothing for all family members on hand in case of disruptions in electrical power or other utilities.
Mouth and nose protection – Face masks should be available for each member of the family to prevent the spread of disease. A mask made of dense-weave cotton material that fits snugly over the face and mouth is best. Take whatever steps are necessary to ensure the best fit for children. There are a variety of masks available for sale in hardware stores.
Phone – Make sure you have at least one standard, hard-wired telephone since cordless phones will not work during a disruption in electrical power. Keep a contact list of important phone numbers in your emergency preparedness kit.
Battery-powered radio with extra batteries – Information from federal, state and local authorities will be relayed through the media. A radio will be your vital link to this information.
Flashlight with extra batteries – Stores are now selling flashlights with self-contained kinetic generators. One of these will come in handy if you run out of fresh batteries.
Items for personal comfort – Toiletries such as soap, shampoo, toothbrushes and paste, facial and bathroom tissue will be important to make your time at home more comfortable. Be sure to include items for children such as games, coloring books and other activities.
Large trash bags and ties – Keep a supply on hand to safely store trash and garbage since refuse service may be disrupted or postponed for several days.
Pets – If you have pets, make sure they have current vaccinations and ID tags on their collars. Make sure you have plenty of food, water and litter for them.
Emergency Preparedness Plan – Take the time to prepare a family emergency plan. Be sure to record medical histories, medication lists, and the weights of all children less than 90 pounds. Establish a family contact list of who to contact in an emergency. Don't forget to check on your neighbors or relatives, especially those who are seniors.
Also, here are some simple steps you can take to prepare yourself or your family for pandemic influenza. For more information on preparing for a pandemic, visit www.pandemicflu.gov/individualfamily/checklist.html.
Does a Flu Shot Protect Against Pandemic Flu?
Are There Any Other Treatments for Pandemic Flu?
2011 Kansas Pandemic Influenza Preparedness and Response Plan
For additional information on pandemic influenza, click the links below or visit www.Flu.gov.
Pandemic Influenza Downloads and Links
The Kansas Department of Health and Environment has created this action plan to monitor and protect the public health of our residents if this influenza strain develops into a pandemic influenza threat.
LinksAvian H5N1 Influenza