Annual Vital Statistics Summary Released
The Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE) announces the release of the 2009 Annual Summary of Vital Statistics.
“This report serves as a baseline document that will be used to assess the health of Kansans,” said John W. Mitchell, Acting KDHE Secretary. “Two key highlights of the report show that there is a decrease in both heart disease and the infant mortality rate.”
In 2009, a total of 290 infant deaths occurred (7.0 infant deaths per 1,000 live births), 13 less than in 2008. The age-adjusted death rate for heart disease dropped 6.3 percent from 2008 to 2009, a statistically significant decrease. Thus for the first time in recent history, cancer passed heart disease as the leading cause of death in Kansas in 2009.
“It’s certainly too early to tell whether cancer surpassing heart disease as the leading cause of death will become a trend, but it is an area we will continue to watch,” said Dr. Jason Eberhart-Phillips, State Health Officer and Director of KDHE’s Division of Health. “Both causes of death have been declining in recent years, with mortality from heart disease falling faster than mortality from cancer.”
He added that “a particularly troubling public health issue in Kansas is the high infant mortality rate – despite a decline from 2007 to 2009, the rate still remains too high.”
Other highlights for 2009 include:
- In 2009, a total of 41,388 births were registered to Kansas residents, 427 less than in 2008.
- The percent of Kansas mothers receiving inadequate prenatal care (14.9) decreased 5.7 percent between 2008 and 2009.
- Out-of-wedlock births followed national trends, increasing to 37.6 percent (15,572 live births).
- The Kansas 2009 teen pregnancy rate (26.8 per 1,000 female teens) has decreased 6.3 percent from 28.6 in 2008.
- The disparity in the infant, neonatal and post neonatal death rates between White non-Hispanics and Black non-Hispanics continues to be a public health concern. The Black non-Hispanic infant death rate (15.5) is 2.6 times higher than the rate for White non-Hispanics (6.0).
- Kansas increased in population to 2,818,747 residents in 2009 from 2,802,134 in 2008.
- In the last five years (2005-2009) frontier and rural counties continued to lose population; while semi-urban and urban counties gained in population.
- In the last 20 years, population increases of 71.9 percent in residents 45-54 years of age and 51.7 percent in residents 55-64 years of age reflected the aging of the baby boomers.
- In 2009, unintentional injuries were the leading cause of death for Kansas residents 1-4 and 15-44 years of age. For the first time, cancer was the leading cause of death for children 5-14.
The annual summary, available at http://www.kdheks.gov/hci/annsumm.html, contains six new tables.
- Live Births by Initiation of Breastfeeding (Table 20), reports the number and percent of woman who started breastfeeding their infant before discharge.
- Live Births by the Mother’s Reported Cigarette Use (Table 21), provides county level statistics on smoking use before and during pregnancy.
- Live Births by Birth Weight Category for Gestational Age (Table 22), provides information on infants that are small for their gestational age.
- Mother’s Weight Gain in Pregnancy by Pregnancy BMI Category (Table 23), addresses whether woman has sufficient weight gain during pregnancy.
- Deaths by Number and Percent Related to Tobacco (Table 65), reports on the deaths where the certifying physician said the death was related to tobacco.
- Deaths from 39 Selected Causes by Number and Percent and Sex of Decedent (Table 66), reports the impact of tobacco on the leading causes of death in Kansas.
Each of these new tables are made possible from information that is now collected on the birth and death certificates. The tables and charts contained in this report represent only a glimpse of the insight that can be gained from the data reported on live births, deaths, stillbirths, marriages, marriage dissolutions (divorce and annulment) and abortions recorded annually. Persons needing additional data can call 785- 296-8627.