Blood Lead

Blood Lead Analysis

Newborn Screening Laboratory
Kansas Health & Environmental Laboratories
6810 SE Dwight Street
Topeka, KS 66620
Phone Number: (785) 296-1650
Fax Number: (785) 559-5209


 

Blood Lead Mission




Children

Introduction

Lead is one of the top environmental diseases affecting children in the US. Lead is known to cause learning disabilities, attention deficit disorder, behavioral problems, stunted growth, impaired hearing, and kidney damage. In 1978 the Consumer Product Safety Commission banned lead based paint from homes and lead was phased out of gasoline from 1973-1986. Even with these improvements there are over 400,000 children (under the age of six) with dangerous lead levels. (CDC. Surveillance for Elevated Blood Lead Levels Among Children - United States, 1997--2001. MMWR. September 12, 2003; 52(SS-10):1-21.) The most common exposure for children today is lead paint from older homes.

Blood Lead Screening Filter Paper Form Requests

Blood lead screening filter paper forms can be ordered by mailing or faxing a completed order form to the Kansas Department of Health and Environmental Laboratories' Customer Service department. Click here for the order form.

Please click here for instructions on how to complete the Blood Lead Screening Filter Paper Form.

Fax Authorization Request Form

Please use the Fax Authorization Request Form for all re-issued reports, demographic corrections, test additions, or other laboratory report modifications. The form must be signed, dated and faxed to the Kansas Health and Environmental Laboratories (KHEL) before any final changes will be made on all preliminary or final laboratory reports.

Laboratory Report Delivery Form

Please use the Laboratory Report Delivery Form to change submitting health care facility preference for laboratory report delivery. The form must be signed, dated and faxed to the Kansas Health and Environmental Laboratories (KHEL) before any changes will be made to the current laboratory report delivery method.


Facts about Childhood Lead Poisoning in Kansas*

 

Kansas

U.S. Totals

No. of pre-1950 Housing

320,648

25,815,821

% of pre-1950 Housing

28.3

22.3

No. of renter occupied pre-1950 Housing

78,212

8,717,104

% of renter occupied pre-1950 Housing

24.4

33.8

No. of children <72 months

227,151

23,485,435

No. of children <72 months below poverty level

32,253

4,101,689

No. of children tested in 2006

27,521

3,262,866

No. of children with confirmed Blood Lead Levels > 10 mg/dL in 2006

312

39,526

                          * http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead (2006 Data)

 

Visit the following websites to learn more about lead poisoning and ways to prevent lead exposure.

Kansas Healthy Homes and Lead Hazard Prevention Program
http://www.kshealthyhomes.org/index.html

CDC Lead Poisoning Prevention Program
http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/

Environmental Protection Agency: Protecting Your Child from Lead Poisoning
http://www.epa.gov/lead/


Blood Lead Instrumentation

CDC recommends that a blood lead test be performed on all children at ages 1 and 2 years and on children age 36-72 months who have not been screened previously. Blood lead is the most common test in screening and diagnosing lead exposure. The Kansas Health and Environmental Laboratories analyze over 14,000 blood lead specimens every year. Most specimens come from children under the age of six, but some blood lead tests are performed on expectant mothers and adults. The laboratory accepts three types of specimens for blood lead analysis: venipuncture, capillary finger stick collected in a microtainer, and dried blood spots from a finger stick collected on filter paper. Blood lead analysis is performed on an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS). To learn more about blood lead testing and collection refer to the following links.

Blood Lead Specimens


Elevated Blood Leads Reported