Blood Lead

Blood Lead Analysis

Colleen Peterson
Health Chemistry Laboratory Manager
Kansas Health & Environmental Laboratories
6810 SE Dwight Street
Topeka, KS 66620
Phone Number: (785) 296-1650
E-mail: ckpeters@kdheks.gov
Fax Number: (785) 296-0978


Blood Lead Mission




Children

Background

Lead is one of the top environmental diseases affecting children in the US. Lead is known to cause learning disabilities, attention deficit disorder, behavioral problems, stunted growth, impaired hearing, and kidney damage. In 1978 the Consumer Product Safety Commission banned lead based paint from homes and lead was phased out of gasoline from 1973-1986. Even with these improvements there are over 400,000 children (under the age of six) with dangerous lead levels. (CDC. Surveillance for Elevated Blood Lead Levels Among Children - United States, 1997--2001. MMWR. September 12, 2003; 52(SS-10):1-21.) The most common exposure for children today is lead paint from older homes.



Facts about Childhood Lead Poisoning in Kansas*

 

Kansas

U.S. Totals

No. of pre-1950 Housing

320,648

25,815,821

% of pre-1950 Housing

28.3

22.3

No. of renter occupied pre-1950 Housing

78,212

8,717,104

% of renter occupied pre-1950 Housing

24.4

33.8

No. of children <72 months

227,151

23,485,435

No. of children <72 months below poverty level

32,253

4,101,689

No. of children tested in 2006

27,521

3,262,866

No. of children with confirmed Blood Lead Levels > 10 mg/dL in 2006

312

39,526

                          * http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead (2006 Data)

 

Visit the following websites to learn more about lead poisoning and ways to prevent lead exposure.

Kansas Healthy Homes and Lead Hazard Prevention Program
http://www.kshealthyhomes.org/index.html

CDC Lead Poisoning Prevention Program
http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/

Environmental Protection Agency: Protecting Your Child from Lead Poisoning
http://www.epa.gov/lead/