Former American Cleaners Dry Cleaners Site


412 West Grand Avenue, Haysville, Kansas
ISL #C2-087-72896


The City of Haysville Public Water Supply is NOT affected.

Residents connected to the City of Haysville Public Water Supply are not at risk. Only residents with private drinking water wells on properties within the Area of Concern are potentially at risk to exposure. Residents with a private drinking water well within the Area of Concern are encouraged to contact KDHE at 785-291-3252 to have their private well sampled.

Public Availability Session

Two Public Availability Sessions have been held. Please select the blue text to view the meeting presentations.

UPDATE 8/25/2017

KDHE wishes to clarify that only private drinking water wells on properties within the Area of Concern will be sampled and analyzed by KDHE's Dry Cleaning Remediation Program. The Area of Concern is inside the red boundary lines shown on the map. Properties outside the Area of Concern are not being sampled by KDHE at this time. If the Area of Concern boundaries are expanded in the future, KDHE will notify the residents in the additional areas via written correspondence.

The KDHE Environmental Health Office is available to answer health-related questions, but is not a contact for requesting well sampling. Residents with a well in the Area of Concern are encouraged to contact KDHE at 785-291-3252 to have their private well sampled. KDHE thanks the local residents for their continued cooperation as we address this urgent response.

Site Background

Groundwater emanating from the area near the former American Cleaners dry cleaning site at 412 West Grand Avenue in Haysville has been contaminated by volatile organic chemicals (VOCs). VOCs are liquid or solid chemicals that can easily evaporate into gases and are a significant source of pollution in the environment. They are sometimes found in the groundwater beneath certain industrial businesses, such as dry cleaners.

A VOC commonly used at dry cleaning facilities is tetrachloroethylene, also known as PCE. Historically PCE is a predominant chemical solvent used in dry cleaning, but it is also used to clean metal machinery and to manufacture some consumer products and other chemicals. It is a clear, colorless liquid that has a sharp, sweet odor and evaporates quickly. PCE is an effective cleaning solvent for removing stains and dirt from common types of fabrics. PCE degrades naturally to trichloroethylene (TCE). Historically, TCE has also been a predominant chemical solvent used to clean metal machinery as well as manufacture consumer products and other chemicals. TCE degrades to cis-1,2-dichloroethylene (DCE). DCE is a highly flammable, colorless liquid with a sharp, harsh odor. It is used to produce solvents and in chemical mixtures. DCE degrades to vinyl chloride (VC). VC is a manufactured substance with a mild, sweet odor that does not occur naturally; but can also be formed when other substances such as trichloroethylene, and tetrachloroethylene are broken down. Vinyl chloride is used to make polyvinyl chloride (PVC) which is then used to make a variety of plastic products, including pipes, wire and cable coatings, and packaging materials. VC is a toxic chemical classified as a Group A carcinogen with both human health and environmental concerns.

The map shown below depicts the general Area of Concern, which is the groundwater plume plus a buffer of up to one block from the suspected boundary of the contamination. The Area of Concern is marked by the red box. Click on the map to retrieve a larger .pdf version.

Map of the VOC Plume from the Former American Cleaners Site
Map of the VOC Plume from the Former American Cleaners Site.

Health Impacts

For general additional information regarding the health impacts from exposure to the contaminants of concern associated with the former American Cleaners site, please follow the links below to the Agency for Toxic Substance and Disease Registry (ATSDR) ToxFAQs™ summaries. More in-depth discussions on the health impacts can be found in the ATSDR Public Health Statements for the contaminants. The concentrations of the contaminants of concern attributed to the former American Cleaners Dry Cleaners site are in the concentration range of parts-per-billion (ppb) (micrograms per liter). Most of the health impacts discussed in the ATSDR documents are from exposure to the contaminants of concern in the concentration range of parts-per-million (ppm) (milligrams per liter); or pure forms of the chemicals. (1 ppm is equal to 1,000 ppb.) The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has established Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCLs) for safe drinking water to limit the levels of contaminants in drinking water.

Tetrachloroethylene:

Trichloroethylene:

cis-1,2-dichlorothylene:

Vinyl Chloride:

KDHE Well Sampling

KDHE's Dry Cleaning Remediation Program is conducting sampling of domestic water supply wells in the identified Area of Concern. Residents with well in the area of concern are encouraged to contact KDHE at 785-291-3252 to have their private well sampled. KDHE's Dry Cleaning Remediation Program is conducting an emergency action to provide alternative water supplies to all homes with concentrations of contaminants in private drinking water wells above the EPA Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCL). KDHE has adopted the EPA MCLs for drinking water in Kansas. Applicable MCLs are 5 ppb for PCE; 5 ppb for TCE; 70 ppb for DCE; or 2 ppb for VC.

Sampling Your Own Well

Residents wanting an alternative for collecting a water sample can pay a laboratory or environmental consultant to perform the task. Samples should be collected by qualified individuals and the analysis conducted by a lab specifically accredited by KDHE for volatile organic compounds (aka VOCs or volatiles) using EPA Method 8260. The method detection limit should be equal to or less than 1.0 microgram per liter. Lab reports can be provided to KDHE's Dry Cleaning Program for assistance in interpreting the results.

Additional Information

For additional site information, please contact:

  • Environmental Questions - Drinking water, contaminant type, etc.:
    Joe Dom
    Program Manager
    KDHE Bureau of Environmental Remediation
    Curtis State Office Building
    1000 S.W. Jackson St., Suite 410
    Topeka, Kansas 66612-1367
    Phone: 785-296-4367
    Joe.Dom@ks.gov
     
  • Public Health Questions - Health Impacts:
    Farah S. Ahmed, MPH, PhD
    Environmental Health Officer
    Kansas Healthy Homes and Lead Hazard Prevention Program
    Curtis State Office Building
    1000 S.W. Jackson St., Suite 330
    Topeka, Kansas 66612-1367
    Phone: 785-296-6426
    Farah.Ahmed@ks.gov