Percentage of Adults Who Have Vision Impairment In
One or Both Eyes, Even When Wearing Glasses

Subpopulation Unweighted Frequency Weighted Percentage Standard Error Lower 95% Confidence
Limit
Upper 95% Confidence
Limit
TOTAL 1744 13.2 0.4 12.4 14.1
GENDER
Female 1144 14.7 0.6 13.6 15.8
Male 600 11.8 0.6 10.5 13.0
AGE GROUP
18-24 years 54 9.9 1.5 7.0 12.8
25-34 years 93 7.6 0.9 5.8 9.3
35-44 years 134 10.1 1.0 8.1 12.1
45-54 years 343 17.5 1.1 15.3 19.6
55-64 years 396 15.8 1.0 13.9 17.7
65+ years 724 17.3 0.7 16.0 18.7
ETHNICITY
Non-Hispanic 1671 13.1 0.4 12.3 13.9
Hispanic 67 14.6 2.2 10.3 18.9
RACE
White only 1514 12.8 0.4 12.0 13.6
Black or African American only 102 15.3 2.2 11.0 19.6
Other race only 81 14.4 2.1 10.4 18.5
More than one race 41 22.6 4.2 14.3 30.8
EDUCATION
Less than high school 179 21.2 2.0 17.3 25.1
High school graduate or G.E.D 565 14.9 0.8 13.3 16.5
Some college 526 12.8 0.7 11.4 14.1
College graduate 474 8.9 0.5 7.9 9.8
ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME
Less than $15,000 294 26.0 2.0 22.1 29.8
$15,000 to $24,999 373 17.7 1.3 15.3 20.2
$25,000 to $34,999 197 12.5 1.1 10.4 14.6
$35,000 to $49,999 240 13.5 1.1 11.5 15.6
$50,000 or more 414 8.3 0.5 7.3 9.2
EMPLOYMENT STATUS
Employed for wages/Self-employed 626 9.9 0.5 8.9 10.8
Out of work 95 17.9 2.2 13.6 22.2
Homemaker/Student 113 10.4 1.3 7.7 13.0
Retired 630 17.3 0.8 15.8 18.8
Unable to work 277 36.5 2.5 31.5 41.4
AVERAGE HOURS WORKED
None 675 15.5 0.7 14.0 16.9
1 to less than 20 hours 95 15.3 2.5 10.4 20.1
20 hours to less than 40 hours 169 10.5 1.0 8.5 12.5
40 plus hours 402 8.9 0.5 7.8 9.9
MARITAL STATUS
Married/member of an unmarried couple 841 11.9 0.5 10.9 12.9
Divorced/Separated 379 21.4 1.4 18.7 24.2
Widowed 341 21.2 1.3 18.6 23.8
Never married 176 9.6 1.0 7.7 11.5
DISABILITY STATUS
Do not have a disability 823 9.3 0.4 8.5 10.2
Have a disability 906 26.9 1.1 24.8 28.9
POPULATION DENSITY
Frontier 98 13.2 1.6 10.1 16.3
Rural 172 12.1 1.1 9.9 14.3
Densely-settled rural 310 14.4 1.0 12.3 16.4
Semi-Urban 254 14.1 1.1 12.0 16.2
Urban 910 12.9 0.6 11.7 14.0
HEALTH INSURANCE STATUS
Uninsured 236 17.5 1.4 14.7 20.2
Insured 1506 12.4 0.4 11.6 13.2
DIABETES STATUS
No diabetes 1361 11.9 0.4 11.0 12.7
Have diabetes 380 26.4 1.6 23.3 29.5
CURRENT ASTHMA STATUS
No current asthma 1502 12.4 0.4 11.6 13.2
Current asthma 228 21.5 1.7 18.2 24.8
ARTHRITIS STATUS
No arthritis 838 10.0 0.5 9.0 10.9
Have arthritis 889 23.3 0.9 21.6 25.1
MENTAL HEALTH INDICATOR
<14 days mental health NOT good 1349 11.2 0.4 10.4 12.0
14+ days mental health NOT good 356 30.3 1.9 26.6 34.0
SMOKING STATUS
Non-smoker 1343 11.9 0.4 11.1 12.8
Current smoker 386 18.8 1.1 16.6 21.0
WEIGHT CATEGORY
Normal or Underweight, BMI<25 540 12.0 0.7 10.6 13.5
Overweight, 25<= BMI<30 555 12.8 0.7 11.4 14.1
Obese, BMI>=30 580 15.6 0.8 14.0 17.2
LEISURE TIME PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Does not participate in leisure time physical activity 584 18.8 1.0 16.8 20.8
Participates in leisure time physical activity 1159 11.6 0.4 10.7 12.5
VETERAN STATUS
No 1508 13.0 0.4 12.1 13.9
Yes 235 15.3 1.1 13.1 17.6

Numerator: Respondents who reported they had been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health
professional that they have vision impairment in one or both eyes, even when wearing glasses
Denominator: All respondents, excluding those who are blind, unknowns and refusals.