Percentage of Adults Who Have Vision Impairment
In One of Both Eyes, Even When Wearing Glasses

Subpopulation Unweighted Frequency Weighted Percentage Standard Error Lower 95% Confidence
Limit
Upper 95% Confidence
Limit
TOTAL 4108 15.7 0.3 15.1 16.3
GENDER
Male 1417 14.0 0.5 13.1 14.9
Female 2691 17.3 0.4 16.5 18.1
AGE GROUP
18-24 Years 83 8.3 1.0 6.4 10.3
25-34 Years 181 9.4 0.8 7.9 10.9
35-44 Years 252 10.3 0.7 8.9 11.7
45-54 Years 587 14.6 0.7 13.3 15.9
55-64 Years 886 18.8 0.7 17.4 20.1
65+ Years 2119 31.3 0.7 30.0 32.6
ETHNICITY
Hispanic 130 10.5 1.1 8.3 12.8
Non-Hispanic 3972 16.2 0.3 15.6 16.8
RACE
White Only 3689 16.0 0.3 15.4 16.7
Black or AA only 170 17.2 1.8 13.6 20.7
Other Race Only 155 11.4 1.2 9.2 13.7
More than one race 84 18.7 2.5 13.8 23.5
EDUCATION
Less than high school 329 17.3 1.2 15.0 19.6
High school graduate or G.E.D. 1305 17.5 0.6 16.3 18.7
Some college 1197 15.1 0.5 14.0 16.2
College graduate 1271 13.9 0.5 13.0 14.8
ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME
Less than $15,000 508 24.2 1.4 21.5 26.9
$15,000 - $24,999 803 19.0 0.9 17.3 20.7
$25,000 - $34,999 528 17.4 0.9 15.7 19.2
$35,000 - $49,999 545 15.6 0.8 14.0 17.1
$50,000+ 1107 12.5 0.4 11.6 13.3
EMPLOYMENT STATUS
Employed for wages or Self-employed 1374 11.1 0.4 10.4 11.8
Out of work 185 16.6 1.5 13.7 19.6
Homemaker or Student 253 10.6 0.9 8.8 12.4
Retired 1873 30.2 0.7 28.9 31.6
Unable to work 417 32.4 1.8 28.9 35.9
AVERAGE HOURS WORKED
None 1902 23.9 0.6 22.6 25.1
1-19 hours 224 16.2 1.5 13.3 19.1
20-39 hours 355 11.2 0.8 9.7 12.7
40+ hours 962 10.8 0.4 10.0 11.6
MARITAL STATUS
Married or member of an unmarried couple 2086 14.8 0.4 14.0 15.5
Divorced or seperated 683 18.8 0.9 17.0 20.5
Widowed 979 31.7 1.0 29.7 33.7
Never married 350 11.4 0.8 9.8 13.0
DISABILITY STATUS
Living with a disability 1970 28.7 0.7 27.2 30.2
Living without a disability 2057 11.7 0.3 11.1 12.4
POPULATION DENSITY
Frontier 237 17.3 1.3 14.7 19.9
Rural 491 16.7 0.9 15.0 18.5
Densely-settled Rural 758 16.2 0.7 14.8 17.6
Semi-urban 638 16.6 0.8 15.0 18.1
Urban 1984 15.0 0.4 14.1 15.8
HEALTH INSURANCE STATUS
Insured 3784 16.4 0.3 15.8 17.1
Uninsured 319 12.4 0.9 10.7 14.1
DIABETES STATUS
Have diabetes 825 30.4 1.1 28.2 32.6
No diabetes 3278 14.2 0.3 13.5 14.8
CURRENT ASTHMA STATUS
Current asthma 464 23.2 1.3 20.7 25.8
No current asthma 3618 15.0 0.3 14.3 15.6
ARTHRITIS STATUS
Have arthritis 1977 28.2 0.7 26.8 29.6
No arthritis 2099 11.9 0.3 11.3 12.6
SELF-PERCEIVED HEALTH STATUS
Fair or poor health 1252 30.3 1.0 28.4 32.3
Excellent, very good or good health 2841 13.1 0.3 12.5 13.7
MENTAL HEALTH INDICATOR
14+ days mental health not good 547 24.3 1.3 21.8 26.8
<14 days mental health not good 3483 14.6 0.3 14.0 15.2
SMOKING STATUS
Current smoker 697 16.2 0.8 14.7 17.7
Non-smoker 3392 15.6 0.3 14.9 16.2
WEIGHT CATEGORY
Normal or Underweight (BMI<25) 1261 14.3 0.5 13.2 15.3
Overweight (25<=BMI<30) 1365 15.0 0.5 14.0 16.0
Obese (BMI>=30) 1294 18.6 0.6 17.4 19.8
LEISURE TIME PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Participates in leisure time physical activity 2627 14.4 0.4 13.7 15.1
Does not participate in leisure time physical activity 1417 19.7 0.6 18.5 21.0
AEROBIC AND STRENGTHENING EXERCISE (4 LEVEL)
Met Both Aerobic and Strengthening Guidelines 490 13.5 0.8 11.9 15.1
Met Aerobic Guidelines Only 1175 14.8 0.5 13.8 15.8
Met Strengthening Guidelines Only 258 13.2 1.0 11.2 15.2
Did not meet Either Aerobic or Strengthening Guideline 1974 17.8 0.5 16.9 18.8
AEROBIC AND STRENGTHENING EXERCISE (2 LEVEL)
Met Both Aerobic and Strengthening Guidelines 490 13.5 0.8 11.9 15.1
Did Not Meet Both Aerobic and Strengthening Guidelines 3407 16.3 0.3 15.6 17.0
VETERAN STATUS
Served on active duty 641 21.3 0.9 19.5 23.2
Not served on active duty 3465 15.0 0.3 14.3 15.6

Numerator: Respondents who reported they had been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health
professional that they have vision impairment in one of both eyes, even when wearing glasses
Denominator: All respondents, excluding unknowns and refusals.