Percentage of Adults with Diabetes Who Have Never
Been Immunized Against Pneumococcal Disease

Subpopulation Unweighted Frequency Weighted Percentage Standard Error Lower 95% Confidence
Limit
Upper 95% Confidence
Limit
TOTAL 309 47.2 2.2 43.0 51.5
  . . . . .
SEX . . . . .
Male 138 50.0 3.2 43.8 56.3
Female 171 44.5 2.9 38.7 50.3
AGE GROUP . . . . .
18-33 years 4 85.7 13.8 58.7 100.0
25-34 years 12 74.4 10.4 54.0 94.8
35-44 years 42 90.9 3.6 83.8 98.1
45-54 years 72 61.6 4.8 52.2 71.0
55-64 years 84 48.2 4.1 40.0 56.3
65+ years 92 24.0 2.4 19.3 28.7
ETHNICITY . . . . .
Hispanic 25 79.9 6.3 67.6 92.2
Non-Hispanic 283 44.8 2.2 40.5 49.2
RACE . . . . .
White Only 258 44.1 2.3 39.6 48.6
Black Only 14 45.8 9.4 27.4 64.2
Other Race Only 27 79.1 6.6 66.1 92.1
More than One Race 7 73.4 13.5 46.9 99.9
EDUCATION . . . . .
Less than High School 33 40.7 5.9 29.1 52.3
High School Graduate or G.E.D. 104 50.0 3.9 42.5 57.6
Some College 97 49.9 4.0 42.0 57.7
College Graduate 74 43.4 4.1 35.4 51.5
ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME . . . . .
Less than $15,000 48 49.5 5.6 38.5 60.6
$15,000 - $24,999 65 41.8 4.4 33.1 50.5
$25,000 - $34,999 37 39.7 5.8 28.4 51.0
$35,000 - $49,999 35 39.4 6.1 27.5 51.3
$50,000+ 88 57.9 4.2 49.7 66.2
EMPLOYMENT STATUS . . . . .
Employed for Wages / Self-Employed 152 63.4 3.3 56.9 69.8
Out of Work 18 71.9 9.0 54.3 89.6
Homemaker / Student 12 53.4 12.7 28.5 78.2
Retired 95 26.7 2.6 21.7 31.8
Unable to Work 30 47.9 7.1 33.9 61.8
AVERAGE HOURS WORKED . . . . .
None 93 27.2 2.7 22.0 32.4
1-19 Hours 10 35.3 9.5 16.7 53.9
20-39 Hours 29 52.4 7.8 37.0 67.7
40 + Hours 122 67.2 3.7 60.0 74.3
MARITAL STATUS . . . . .
Married / Member of Unmarried Couple 169 49.5 2.8 44.0 55.0
Divorced / Separated 61 49.6 5.0 39.8 59.3
Widowed 51 27.1 3.5 20.3 34.0
Never Married 28 66.7 8.0 51.0 82.3
DISABILITY STATUS . . . . .
Living with a Disability 109 38.6 3.4 32.0 45.2
Living without a Disability 198 53.0 2.8 47.5 58.5
POPULATION DENSITY . . . . .
Frontier 21 42.7 7.8 27.4 58.1
Rural 45 48.5 5.4 37.9 59.1
Densely-settled Rural 69 55.0 4.7 45.8 64.1
Semi-urban 56 47.2 4.9 37.6 56.8
Urban 118 45.1 3.5 38.2 51.9
SELF-PERCEIVED HEALTH STATUS . . . . .
Fair or Poor 128 46.0 3.4 39.3 52.7
Excellent to Good 178 48.1 2.8 42.6 53.6
HEALTH INSURANCE STATUS . . . . .
Uninsured 33 80.3 6.3 68.0 92.6
Insured 274 45.1 2.2 40.7 49.5
SMOKING STATUS . . . . .
Current Smoker 45 52.8 5.9 41.3 64.4
Non-Smoker 264 46.6 2.3 42.0 51.2

Numerator: Respondents with diabetes who reported they
have never been immunized against pneumococcal disease.
Denominator: All respondents with diabetes, excluding unknowns and refusals.