Percentage of Adults with Diabetes Who Have Never
Been Immunized Against Pneumococcal Disease

Subpopulation Unweighted Frequency Weighted Percentage Standard Error Lower 95% Confidence
Limit
Upper 95% Confidence
Limit
TOTAL 306 48.5 2.2 44.3 52.8
  . . . . .
SEX . . . . .
Male 117 50.5 3.5 43.6 57.3
Female 189 47.0 2.7 41.7 52.3
AGE GROUP . . . . .
18-24 years 4 73.9 21.6 31.5 100.0
25-34 years 14 72.6 10.6 51.8 93.3
35-44 years 51 75.1 5.6 64.1 86.2
45-54 years 74 66.5 5.0 56.8 76.2
55-64 years 76 55.5 4.6 46.6 64.5
65+ years 86 25.9 2.7 20.7 31.2
ETHNICITY . . . . .
Hispanic 24 82.1 6.8 68.9 95.4
Non-Hispanic 282 46.6 2.2 42.2 50.9
RACE . . . . .
White Only 258 47.0 2.3 42.5 51.6
Black Only 23 58.3 8.9 40.9 75.8
Other Race Only 19 56.9 9.1 39.1 74.7
More than One Race 5 64.2 14.8 35.1 93.3
EDUCATION . . . . .
Less than High School 34 42.9 6.1 31.0 54.8
High School Graduate or G.E.D. 113 49.7 3.6 42.6 56.8
Some College 82 49.3 4.2 41.2 57.5
College Graduate 77 48.8 4.3 40.3 57.3
ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME . . . . .
Less than $15,000 46 51.5 5.6 40.6 62.4
$15,000 - $24,999 62 45.4 4.6 36.3 54.5
$25,000 - $34,999 54 46.4 5.1 36.5 56.3
$35,000 - $49,999 34 43.4 6.2 31.2 55.5
$50,000+ 65 61.6 4.9 51.9 71.3
EMPLOYMENT STATUS . . . . .
Employed for Wages / Self-Employed 152 64.1 3.4 57.5 70.8
Out of Work 13 57.0 12.9 31.7 82.4
Homemaker / Student 21 63.8 8.3 47.4 80.1
Retired 83 29.5 3.0 23.6 35.3
Unable to Work 36 44.8 6.1 32.9 56.8
AVERAGE HOURS WORKED . . . . .
None 75 29.1 3.1 22.9 35.3
1-19 Hours 11 44.4 10.5 23.8 64.9
20-39 Hours 28 48.7 7.0 35.1 62.4
40 + Hours 117 67.7 3.9 60.0 75.4
MARITAL STATUS . . . . .
Married / Member of Unmarried Couple 164 50.5 2.9 44.7 56.2
Divorced / Separated 80 59.4 4.4 50.7 68.0
Widowed 36 25.9 4.1 17.9 33.8
Never Married 26 59.1 7.9 43.6 74.7
DISABILITY STATUS . . . . .
Living with a Disability 107 38.3 3.2 32.1 44.6
Living without a Disability 192 54.9 2.9 49.2 60.6
POPULATION DENSITY . . . . .
Frontier 12 38.5 9.7 19.6 57.5
Rural 42 48.7 5.8 37.4 60.0
Densely-settled Rural 70 61.0 4.7 51.8 70.3
Semi-urban 64 50.9 4.7 41.7 60.1
Urban 117 42.6 3.3 36.1 49.0
SELF-PERCEIVED HEALTH STATUS . . . . .
Fair or Poor 131 44.6 3.2 38.4 50.9
Excellent to Good 175 51.4 2.9 45.7 57.1
HEALTH INSURANCE STATUS . . . . .
Uninsured 47 76.1 6.3 63.8 88.5
Insured 258 45.6 2.3 41.2 50.1
SMOKING STATUS . . . . .
Current Smoker 58 54.9 5.2 44.7 65.1
Non-Smoker 248 47.4 2.4 42.8 52.1

Numerator: Respondents with diabetes who reported they
have never been immunized against pneumococcal disease.
Denominator: All respondents with diabetes, excluding unknowns and refusals.