Percentage of Adults with Diabetes Who Have Never
Been Immunized Against Pneumococcal Disease

Subpopulation Unweighted Frequency Weighted Percentage Standard Error Lower 95% Confidence
Limit
Upper 95% Confidence
Limit
TOTAL 141 51.1 3.3 44.7 57.5
  . . . . .
SEX . . . . .
Male 56 52.3 5.2 42.2 62.4
Female 85 50.1 4.1 41.9 58.2
RACE/ETHNICITY . . . . .
White Only, Non-Hispanic 110 45.9 3.5 39.1 52.8
Black Only, Non-Hispanic 14 81.4 10.3 61.3 100.0
Other Race Only, Non-Hispanic 4 58.6 18.3 22.8 94.4
Multiracial, Non-Hispanic 4 68.8 24.6 20.6 100.0
Hispanic 9 87.5 9.0 69.9 100.0
EDUCATION . . . . .
Less than High School 21 49.9 8.1 34.0 65.8
High School Graduate or G.E.D. 40 36.8 5.0 26.9 46.7
Some College 42 64.7 6.3 52.4 77.0
College Graduate 37 63.8 6.8 50.6 77.1
ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME . . . . .
Less than $15,000 14 40.9 9.0 23.2 58.7
$15,000 - $24,999 34 48.5 6.4 36.0 61.1
$25,000 - $34,999 9 30.1 9.7 11.1 49.2
$35,000 - $49,999 27 64.4 8.2 48.3 80.5
$50,000+ 37 74.5 6.7 61.5 87.5
EMPLOYMENT STATUS . . . . .
Employed for Wages / Self-Employed 86 72.2 4.4 63.6 80.7
Out of Work 3 100.0 0.0 100.0 100.0
Homemaker / Student 7 60.4 13.3 34.4 86.4
Retired 33 28.1 4.5 19.3 37.0
Unable to Work 11 37.7 9.7 18.6 56.7
MARITAL STATUS . . . . .
Married / Member of Unmarried Couple 72 52.7 4.6 43.8 61.6
Divorced / Separated 38 64.8 6.2 52.6 76.9
Widowed 19 29.6 6.0 17.9 41.3
Never Married 11 58.6 12.8 33.5 83.7
DISABILITY STATUS . . . . .
Living with a Disability 39 43.5 5.7 32.4 54.7
Living without a Disability 97 55.9 4.1 47.9 64.0
POPULATION DENSITY . . . . .
Frontier 5 46.1 16.0 14.7 77.5
Rural 17 37.7 7.5 23.1 52.3
Densely-settled Rural 15 35.7 7.9 20.1 51.2
Semi-urban 33 65.2 7.3 51.0 79.5
Urban 69 56.6 4.9 47.1 66.1
SELF-PERCEIVED HEALTH STATUS . . . . .
Fair or Poor 51 43.9 4.9 34.4 53.4
Excellent to Good 89 57.1 4.4 48.4 65.7
HEALTH INSURANCE STATUS . . . . .
Uninsured 9 66.7 14.0 39.3 94.1
Insured 132 50.2 3.3 43.7 56.7
SMOKING STATUS . . . . .
Current Smoker 33 63.9 6.9 50.4 77.5
Non-Smoker 108 48.1 3.6 41.0 55.3

Numerator: Respondents with diabetes who reported they
have never been immunized against pneumococcal disease.
Denominator: All respondents with diabetes, excluding unknowns and refusals.