Percentage of Adults with Diabetes Who Have Never
Been Immunized Against Pneumococcal Disease

Subpopulation Unweighted Frequency Weighted Percentage Standard Error Lower 95% Confidence
Limit
Upper 95% Confidence
Limit
TOTAL 117 49.7 3.6 42.5 56.8
  . . . . .
SEX . . . . .
Male 49 51.5 5.6 40.5 62.6
Female 68 47.7 4.5 38.8 56.6
RACE/ETHNICITY . . . . .
White, Non-Hispanic 92 47.6 4.0 39.8 55.4
Black, Non-Hispanic 14 59.3 13.0 33.8 84.8
Other Race, Non-Hispanic 1 23.6 20.8 0.0 64.5
Hispanic 9 72.1 14.4 43.9 100.0
EDUCATION . . . . .
Less than High School 16 49.0 9.4 30.7 67.4
High School Graduate or G.E.D. 45 44.8 5.7 33.6 56.1
Some College 30 48.7 7.2 34.7 62.8
College Graduate 26 61.5 7.8 46.1 76.9
ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME . . . . .
Less than $15,000 11 30.9 8.3 14.6 47.1
$15,000 - $24,999 22 40.3 7.3 25.9 54.7
$25,000 - $34,999 17 45.1 9.1 27.3 62.9
$35,000 - $49,000 22 76.0 7.5 61.3 90.8
$50,000+ 22 61.6 8.9 44.1 79.1
EMPLOYMENT STATUS . . . . .
Employed for Wages / Self-Employed 62 65.4 5.3 54.9 75.8
Out of Work 2 57.9 30.2 0.0 100.0
Homemaker / Student 6 53.0 15.7 22.4 83.7
Retired 40 38.4 5.3 28.0 48.8
Unable to Work 7 32.7 10.9 11.3 54.1
MARITAL STATUS . . . . .
Married / Member of Unmarried Couple 59 50.1 5.0 40.3 59.9
Divorced / Separated 33 57.9 7.4 43.4 72.5
Widowed 14 30.0 7.1 16.1 43.9
Never Married 11 67.3 12.0 43.8 90.9
DISABILITY STATUS . . . . .
Living with a Disability 46 45.5 5.6 34.6 56.5
Living without a Disability 71 52.8 4.8 43.4 62.2
POPULATION DENSITY . . . . .
Frontier 3 34.8 16.1 3.2 66.4
Rural 17 54.5 9.5 36.0 73.1
Densely-settled Rural 17 43.1 8.8 25.9 60.2
Semi-urban 19 42.5 8.1 26.7 58.4
Urban 58 54.0 5.5 43.3 64.8
SELF-PERCEIVED HEALTH STATUS . . . . .
Fair or Poor 50 46.1 5.4 35.5 56.7
Excellent to Good 65 52.4 5.0 42.6 62.1
HEALTH INSURANCE STATUS . . . . .
Uninsured 10 59.0 12.4 34.7 83.3
Insured 107 49.0 3.8 41.5 56.4
SMOKING STATUS . . . . .
Current Smoker 23 57.7 8.6 40.8 74.6
Non-Smoker 93 48.0 4.0 40.2 55.9

Numerator: Respondents with diabetes who reported they
have never been immunized against pneumococcal disease.
Denominator: All respondents with diabetes, excluding unknowns and refusals.